In this message Genny gives us an update on the progress of the archaeological explorations and describes the group’s activities since we last heard from them, including encounter with the military and a musk ox! This is the last message we will receive from Cape Sheridan, as the team has left the field and are now back in Resolute, a bit early, but having accomplished what they set out to do – investigating the sites occupied by Robert Peary and his expedition. Genny describes excavating a workshop, a living space made from supply boxes (like those you can see in the picture below) and other sites associated with Peary and the Roosevelt. They’ve found lots of wood and many types of animal and fish bones!
In this message from Cape Sheridan, Susan describes the environment of Floeberg Beach. Although she and Genny are working on exploring the many historic sites in the area, they are also taking time to bird watch, make friends with some curious seals, and get visits from an Arctic fox. Susan gives a complete impression of what she and Genny are experiencing – the sights, the sounds, and the extremely changeable weather. Listen along to find out what it’s really like to camp and work in this remote region.
Genny and Susan have been crossing the river to reach the sites they are most interested in, including campsites and cairns from Peary’s 1908-09 expedition and the 1875-6 Nares expedition. In this recording, Genny describes visiting the Roosevelt monument left by Peary and his crew (Genny and Susan added their names to the papers left at the cairn in 1985 in a sealed bottle) and the Marvin Memorial, which was erected in honor of Ross G. Marvin, Peary’s assistant and the only casualty of the North Pole Expedition. Traveling back in time to these historic sites is hard work – Genny says the group covered over 12 kilometers that day, and had to turn in early because they were so tired.
A colored lantern slide of the Marvin Memorial:
Genny and Susan have reached Cape Sheridan, after several flights, but there’s a problem – due to fog and bad weather, they were forced to land on the opposite side of the river from Robert Peary’s camp, where most of the archaeological sites are!
Play this audio clip to hear Susan describe their journey North, and give her impressions of the harsh, beautiful environment.
We arrived in Resolute last evening after a long day flying from Ottawa via Iqaluit and Arctic Bay. Our team is now complete, with the addition of Samson Simeone, an experienced guide, hunter, and carver here in Resolute. Weather permitting we will leave first thing tomorrow morning.
In Resolute we were welcomed by the very helpful staff of the Polar Continental Shelf Program. Today they fed us, lent us a vehicle, helped us with our gear, and have come up with a plan to fly us to northern Ellesmere Island on their way to Eureka to pick up another crew. This will get us into the field a day early and save both crews a lot of money – a win all around. It is hard to say enough good things about the dedicated people here – from the excellent cooks who provide three hot meals a day, to the logistics staff who upgraded some of our gear and were generous with time and advice.
One of Peary’s last stops before heading into the far north was Battle Harbour, Labrador.This was his last opportunity to send messages south, just like this is our last chance to use the internet and conventional means of communication with the outside world. It was also one of his last chances to acquire food and gear. At Hawkes Harbour, a little further north, he picked up whale meat for the dogs. Still further north he stopped to pick up dozens of pairs of kamiks (waterproof sealskin boots), which Bob Bartlett’s father William had purchased for them from women near his fishing station at Turnavik.
Peary, for whom excellent preparation was paramount, would have found the PCSP base here very interesting and would have approved of our upcoming journey by plane to Cape Sheridan. When Peary was there, he had no way to communicate with the outside world. We will be talking twice daily with PCSP over radios, and will have a satellite phone for emergencies. We will not have access to the internet, but thanks to the sat phone we will be able to call and leave electronic voice mail messages, which the museum’s intern, Hillary Hooke, will be posting to this blog, so stay tuned.
We have often been asked whether we have purchased head nets and lots of insect repellent for our northern venture. The stories of travelers devoured by black flies in particular seem to have impressed lots of people. And I have to admit that in my case, the questions about insects take on an additional meaning. Family, friends, and colleagues have noticed insects, of the plastic kind, in their homes and offices after I have paid them a visit. What can I say, I love bugging people.
In places like Labrador, where there are trees and bushes, blackflies thrive and find shelter. We do not expect to encounter them at Cape Sheridan, which will have little vegetation. Nor can either Genny or I recall reading any journal entries in which Peary’s men commented about insect problems. We know we will be found by mosquitoes, that is inevitable, but hope that we pick a campsite with enough of a breeze to discourage swarms. We are resigned to the fact that the mosquitoes we encounter will be big and hungry, a fact of life for all warm blooded mammals that venture north.
I write this from Ottawa, where Fred, Genny, and I had dinner together and are preparing for our flight to Resolute. Peary stayed in the hotel room. Security screenings, traffic noise, and the heat got to him.
Arctic explorers learned early that education and entertainment were important ways to keep people engaged on long expeditions. David and Deirdre Stam have written about the role of books on Polar exploration in “Books on Ice,” which I highly recommend. By all accounts, Peary had the Roosevelt stocked with reading materials of all kinds. In his cabin there was, “a fairly complete arctic library – absolutely complete in regard to all the later voyages.” There were also novels and magazines of all kinds. George Borup reports in his book A Tenderfoot with Peary that once at sea, he, MacMillan and Dr. Goodsell were hard at work
sorting the hundreds of magazines which were down in the lazarette and were filling every available space. There were fairly complete files of all the principal ones back to January, 1907, and as some one has said, “If the serial stories weren’t good, the cereal advertisements were,” and so for that matter were the open-work yarns in the ladies’ journals.”
In fact, the Roosevelt had an excess of reading material, if that is possible. Shortly before the vessel’s departure a newspaper article had suggested that donations of reading material would be welcome, and according to MacMillan, they came in droves. Eventually duplicates were identified and when possible, extra copies given away to people living in remote spots along the Labrador coast. In their journals no expedition member complains of a shortage of reading materials.
Since ours is a much shorter trip, we will not be bringing years of magazine back-issues, but we will have plenty of reading material. Thanks to technological advances, we will even have a small arctic library, stored digitally on various devices, so we can easily dip into Peary’s own accounts of activites at Cape Sheridan, for example, or read George Borup’s more youthful perspective on the expedition. None of us has made the complete transiton to ebooks, however, so there will also be traditional books, which still have advantages in a field camp. They don’t rely on power, for one thing,and since we will be recharging batteries with solar panels, a stretch of bad weather may mean rationing power, with priority going to data collection (cameras and gps) rather than entertainment. Just as important, paper books are easier to share too, so if the same bad weather keeps us tent bound, we don’t have to worry about finishing the books we brought, as long as our reading tastes overlap (and I have to say, I have read some pretty bad stuff, when all else fails!)
On another topic, we all begin traveling tomorrow, so as to be in Ottawa bright and early for our fligh to Resolute. When Peary and his team left New York in 1908, the city was in the midst of a heat wave. Likewise tomorrow’s heat is forecast to break records, at least in some parts of Canada. A good time to be going north!